Skip to main content Skip to Search Box
Summary Article: Velde, Henri Clemens van de
from Chambers Biographical Dictionary

1863-1957

Belgian architect, designer and teacher

He was born in Antwerp. One of the originators of the Art Nouveau style, he started as a painter before pioneering the modern functional style of architecture. A disciple of William Morris and John Ruskin in the Arts and Crafts Movement, he founded (with his pupil Walter Gropius) the Deutscher Werkbund movement in 1906 in Germany, and was a director of the Weimar School of Arts and Crafts from which the Bauhaus sprang. His designs ranged beyond architecture to graphics, furniture, ceramics, metalwork and textiles. His works included the Werkbund Theatre in Cologne, the Museum Kröller-Muller in Otterloo, the university library in Ghent, and the Belgian pavilions at the international exhibitions in Paris (1937) and New York (1939). His publications include Vom neuen Stil (1907), Les Formules d'une esthétique moderne (1925) and Le Nouveau Style (1929).

  • Weber, Klaus, Henry van de Velde: das buchkünstlerische Werk (1994).
© Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd 2011

Related Articles


Full text Article Velde Henry van de (1863 - 1957)
A Biographical Dictionary of Artists, Andromeda

Born in Antwerp, the Belgian architect Henry van de Velde studied painting there and in Paris (1884 - 5). During the early 1890s...

Full text Article Velde, Henry van de (1863 - 1957)
The Bloomsbury Guide to Art

He was born in Antwerp. He began as a painter exhibiting, from 1889, with the avant-garde Brussels group Les Vingt . His...

Full text Article Pevsner, Nikolaus (1902-83)
The Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Design Since 1900

Was the founding-father of the academic discipline of the history of design. He was born and educated in Leipzig, where he took a Ph.D. on...

See more from Credo