Saltar para conteúdo principal Saltar para Caixa de Pesquisa

Definition: Trojan War from Collins English Dictionary


1 Greek myth a war fought by the Greeks against the Trojans to avenge the abduction of Helen from her Greek husband Menelaus by Paris, son of the Trojan king. It lasted ten years and ended in the sack of Troy

Summary Article: Trojan War
From The Columbia Encyclopedia

in Greek mythology, war between the Greeks and the people of Troy. The strife began after the Trojan prince Paris abducted Helen, wife of Menelaus of Sparta. When Menelaus demanded her return, the Trojans refused. Menelaus then persuaded his brother Agamemnon to lead an army against Troy. At Aulis, troopships gathered, led by the greatest Greek heroes—Achilles, Patroclus, Diomedes, Odysseus, Nestor, and the two warriors named Ajax. In order to win favorable winds for the journey, Agamemnon sacrificed his daughter Iphigenia to Artemis. The winds came and the fleet set sail for Troy. For nine years the Greeks ravaged Troy's surrounding cities and countryside, but the city itself, well fortified and commanded by Hector and other sons of the royal household, held out. Finally the Greeks built a large hollow wooden horse in which a small group of warriors were concealed. The other Greeks appeared to sail for home, leaving behind only the horse and Sinon, who deceitfully persuaded the Trojans, despite the warnings of Cassandra and Laocoön, to take the horse within the city walls. At night the Greeks returned; their companions crept out of the horse and opened the city gates, and Troy was destroyed. The gods took great interest in the war. Poseidon, Hera, and Athena aided the Greeks, while Aphrodite and Ares favored the Trojans. Zeus and Apollo, although frequently involved in the action of the war, remained impartial. The events of the final year of the war constitute the main part of the Iliad of Homer. The Trojan War probably reflected a real war (c.1200 B.C.) between the invading Greeks and the people of Troas, possibly over control of trade through the Dardanelles.

  • See Alexander, C. , The War That Killed Achilles: The True Story of Homer's “Iliad” and the Trojan War (2009).
The Columbia Encyclopedia, © Columbia University Press 2018

Artigos Relacionados ao Credo

Full text Article Trojan War
Philip's Encyclopedia

War between the Greeks and Trojans, lasting 10 years. It began when Paris , son of King Priam of Troy , kidnapped Helen , wife of King...

Full text Article Trojan War
The Macmillan Encyclopedia

In Greek legend, a ten years' war waged by the Greeks against Troy after the abduction of Helen , wife of King Menelaus of Sparta, by...

Full text Article Trojan War
Dictionary of Shakespeare, Peter Collin Publishing

During the reign of Priam, King of Troy, in the 13th century BC, Priam's son Paris captured the famously beautiful Helen from her husband...

Veja mais do Credo