Przejdź do głównych treści Przejdź do pola wyszukiwania

Definition: Transdniestria from Collins English Dictionary


1 a region of E Moldova: unilaterally declared itself independent in 1990 and was the scene of fighting between government troops and separatists in 1992; to a large extent it functions as a separate republic, but without international recognition

Summary Article: Trans-Dniester Region
From The Columbia Encyclopedia

or Transnistria, region (2004 preliminary pop. 555,000), E Moldova, between the Dniester River and the Ukrainian border. A narrow territory some 120 mi (195 km) long but barely 20 mi (32 km) across at its widest, the Trans-Dniester Region has a mainly Russian and Ukrainian population (59.2%, slightly more of whom are Russian) that objects to Moldovan-Romanian rapprochement.

Armed clashes between Moldovan forces and Trans-Dniester secessionists (mostly Russians and Ukrainians) led to Russian army intervention on the side of the secessionists in the early 1990s, and the proclamation of a Trans-Dniester Republic, with Tiraspol as its capital. The republic has not been internationally recognized. A peace accord with the Moldovan government giving the region greater autonomy was signed in 1997.

Beyond the control of any strong national government, the region has become an international transit center for smuggled goods. Much of Moldova's industrial production is in the region; steel, cement, metal and electronic goods, textiles, and wine are produced. A Russian-sponsored peace plan for the region was rejected by Moldova in Nov., 2003, after Moldovan demonstrations against it; the deal would have permitted Russian troops to remain until 2020. Under pressure from the European Union (EU), which was concerned about the region's involvement in smuggling, Ukraine began requiring in 2006 that goods from Trans-Dniester be cleared by Moldovan customs. Trans-Dniester denounced the new rules as an economic blockade, and refused to allow cargo to cross its border with Ukraine, a move Ukraine termed a self-blockade.

A regional referendum in Sept., 2006, approved independence and eventual union with Russia. The vote, however, was rejected by Moldova, the EU, and most other nations, with the major exception of Russia, but there was little sentiment in Russia for union with the region. The leaders of Trans-Dniester and Moldova held talks in 2008 and agreed to work toward peace negotiations; further talks have been held since then. In 2014, in the wake of Russia's annexation of Crimea, Trans-Dniester called for Russia to annex it as well; the move was denounced by Moldova. Following Moldova's partnership agreement with the EU in June, 2014, Russia signed several agreements with Trans-Dniester and said it would seek closer ties with the region. In 2016 a Trans-Dniester decree called for the region to join Russia, in line with the 2006 referendum; the decree was rejected by Moldova.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, © Columbia University Press 2018

Pokrewne wpisy w Credo

Full text Article TRANSNISTRIA
Routledge Histories: The Routledge History of the Holocaust

The Holocaust in Romania Since the end of World War II, Transnistria has not been among the prominent topics of the Holocaust period, and many...

Full text Article Tiraspol
The Columbia Encyclopedia

(tyērŭ'spôl), city (1995 est. pop. 203,870), Trans-Dniester Region, E Moldova, on the Dniester River. It has diversified light industries, including

Full text Article 28 November 2010
The Hutchinson Chronology of World History

Subject: elections Area: Moldova In parliamentary elections in Moldova, the ruling Partidul Comunistilor din Republica Moldova (PCRM; Communist Par

Patrz więcej wyników Credo