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Summary Article: Trafalgar Square
from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

Square in central London, England. On the north side of the square is the National Gallery and to the south is Whitehall. It was laid out from the designs of Charles Barry 1829–67 to commemorate the Battle of Trafalgar, the naval victory of 1805. The central feature is Nelson's Column, about 52 m/170 ft high and surmounted by a statue of Admiral Horatio Nelson. At the base of the column are four bronze lions designed by Edwin Landseer.

Trafalgar Square is a focal point for rallies and demonstrations. On its west side is Canada House, on the east South Africa House, and the church of St Martin's-in-the-Fields 1722–26 by James Gibbs. In the square are two fountains and an equestrian statue of Charles I by Eustache Le Sueur.

The fourth plinth, on the northwest corner, was originally intended for a statue of William IV, but stood empty for many years. It has since become a site for temporary public arts projects, including Antony Gormley's One & Other, in which members of the public occupied the plinth for one hour each for 100 days in 2009.

© RM, 2018. All rights reserved.

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