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Definition: Third Republic from Collins English Dictionary


1 the governmental system established after the fall of Napoleon III in the Franco-Prussian War and lasting until the German occupation of 1940

2 the period during which this governmental system functioned (1870–1940)

Summary Article: Third Republic
From Britannica Concise Encyclopedia

French government (1870–1940). After the fall of the Second Empire and the suppression of the Paris Commune, the new Constitutional Laws of 1875 were adopted, establishing a regime based on parliamentary supremacy. Despite its series of short-lived governments, the Third Republic was marked by social stability (except for the Alfred Dreyfus affair), industrialization, and establishment of a professional civil service. It ended with the fall of France to the Germans in 1940. Presidents of the Third Republic included Adolphe Thiers (1871–73), Patrice de Mac-Mahon (1873–79), Jules Grévy (1879–87), Sadi Carnot (1887–94), Félix Faure (1895–99), Émile Loubet (1899–1906), Armand Fallières (1906–13), Raymond Poincaré (1913–20), Alexandre Millerand (1920–24), Gaston Doumergue (1924–31), and Albert Lebrun (1932–40). Other notable leaders included Léon Blum, Georges Boulanger, Aristide Briand, Georges Clemenceau, Édouard Daladier, Jules Ferry, Léon Gambetta, Édouard Herriot, Jean Jaurès, Pierre Laval, Philippe Pétain, and Paul Reynaud.

Event: Third Republic

Keywords: Third Republic

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Copyright 1994-2017 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc

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