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Definition: Tel Aviv from Philip's Encyclopedia

(Tel Aviv-Yafo) City and port in Israel, on the Mediterranean Sea, c.50km (30mi) W of Jerusalem. The business, cultural, communications and tourist centre of Israel, it was founded (1909) as a suburb of the port of Jaffa. During the British administration of Palestine (1923-48), the town grew rapidly as Jews fled persecution in Europe. It served as the seat of the transitional government and legislature of the new state of Israel (1948-49), until the capital moved to Jerusalem. In 1950, it merged with Jaffa. Industries: construction, textiles, clothing. Pop. (2005) 3,025,000.


Summary Article: Tel Aviv
from The Columbia Encyclopedia

(tĕl Әvēv'), city (1994 pop. 355,200), W central Israel, on the Mediterranean Sea. Oficially named Tel Aviv–Jaffa, it is Israel's commercial, financial, communications, and cultural center and the core of its largest metropolitan area. Tel Aviv is a tourist resort, with hotels and wide beaches. Virtually the entire population is Jewish. Construction is the main industry; textiles, clothing, and processed food are the chief manufactures, and pharmaceuticals, electrical appliances, printed materials, and chemicals are also produced. The city is also an important diamond-processing center.

Tel Aviv was founded in 1909 by Jews from Jaffa who wished to build a modern suburb. The population grew dramatically in the late 1920s, again after Hitler came to power (1933) in Germany, and then after World War II. When the state of Israel was proclaimed on May 14, 1948, Tel Aviv was briefly the capital; in 1949 the government was transferred to Jerusalem. In 1950, Tel Aviv and Jaffa were merged.

Cultural and educational institutions include the Afro-Asian Institute for Labor Studies and Cooperation, the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Habimah (the Israel National Theatre), the Israeli Opera, and Tel Aviv Museum. Most foreign embassies are in the city (most nations have reserved recognizing Jerusalem as Israel's capital until that city's status has been determined by negotiations). Tel Aviv Univ. and the Jewish Diaspora Museum are in the suburb of Ramat Aviv. The home of Hayyim Nahman Bialik, the national poet, is preserved as a library and memorial. Many of the Jews from Ethiopia and the former Soviet Union who emigrated to Israel after 1989 settled in the metropolitan area, substantially increasing its population. Tel Aviv was the principal target of Iraqi missiles during the Persian Gulf War (1991).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, © Columbia University Press 2018