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Summary Article: Stirling from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

City and administrative headquarters of Stirling unitary authority, Scotland, on the River Forth, 43 km/27 mi northeast of Glasgow; population (2001) 32,700. Industries include the manufacture of agricultural machinery, textiles, chemicals, and carpets. The Stirling skyline is noted for its castle, which guarded a key crossing of the river, and the (William) Wallace Monument, erected in 1870 to commemorate the Scots' victory of the English at nearby Stirling Bridge in 1297. Edward I of England (in raising a Scottish siege of the town) went into battle at Bannockburn in 1314 and was defeated by Robert I (the Bruce), in the Scots' greatest victory over the English.

The castle predates the 12th century and was long a Scottish royal residence. Stirling was made a city in 2002 after winning a national contest to mark the golden jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II.

The Augustinian abbey at Cambuskenneth was founded by David I in the 12th century (c. 1140); in 1326 Robert the Bruce held his parliament in the abbey, and James III and his queen, Margaret, are buried there. At St Ninians there is the site of the ‘Borestone Rotunda’ on which it is claimed Robert the Bruce's standard was set up after the Battle of Bannockburn. A university was established at Stirling in 1967.

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