Autonomous region of the Georgian republic, part of the region of Ossetia; population (2008 est) 70,000. It lies on the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus mountains, mostly above 1,000 m/3,300 ft above sea level. Its capital is Tskinvali. Its rivers are used to produce hydroelectric power, and less than 10% of the land is cultivated. Cereals, vines, and fruit are grown, while the higher land is used for forestry and rearing sheep, goats, and cattle. Traditional industries produce leather goods, fur clothing, and metal objects.
South Ossetia has been the scene of Ossete-Georgian interethnic conflict since 1989, with Ossetes seeking independence from Georgia and reunification with Alania, formerly North Ossetia. The inhabitants are mainly Greek Orthodox Christians.
A disputed region in Georgia. Its inhabitants comprise chiefly Orthodox Christian Ossetians, a Caucasian people. Timber is produced and...
n 1 a disputed region in Georgia on the S slopes of the Caucasus Mountains; in 1990 it voted to join Russia, leading to armed conflict with Georgia
pronunciation autonomous region N Republic of Georgia ✽ Tskhinvali area ab 1500 sq mi (3900 sq km), pop 99,000