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Definition: Split Sentence from The SAGE Glossary of the Social and Behavioral Sciences

A sentence whereby offenders are released to the community after being introduced to the pains of imprisonment for a brief period of time. The approach is based on the idea that offenders will be shocked by the conditions of prison and desist in committing crimes. Most commonly, the brief period of incarceration is paired with a sentence of probation.

See also

Community-Based Corrections, Shock Probation/Shock Incarceration

Summary Article: Shock Probation/Shock Incarceration
From The SAGE Glossary of the Social and Behavioral Sciences

A type of split sentence where offenders spend a brief amount of time in prison before being released on probation. The purpose is to demonstrate the seriousness and difficult conditions of prison so as to promote successful probation on release. One type of shock incarceration is “boot camp,” where young or first-time offenders are briefly (from three to six months) placed in a facility where they are made to participate in intense physical activity and mandatory education and/or treatment programs. The military-like training is designed to build self-confidence, improve decision-making skills, instill anger manage ment, and instill socialization skills. The point is to “shock” offenders so that they do not want to return and prefer to remain uninvolved with crime on release.

See also

Community-Based Corrections

Copyright © 2009 by SAGE Publications, Inc.

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