(sĭkwoi'ə), c.1766–1843, Native North American leader, creator of the Cherokee syllabary, b. Loudon co., Tenn. Although many historians believe that he was the son of a Cherokee woman and a white trader named Nathaniel Gist, his descendants dispute this claim. To most Americans he was known as George Guess; to the Cherokee he was known as Sogwali. The name Sequoyah was given to him by missionaries. A silversmith and a trader in the Cherokee country in Georgia, he set out to create a system for reducing the Cherokee language to writing, and he compiled a table of 85 characters; he took some letters from an English spelling book and by inversion, modification, and invention adopted the symbols to Cherokee sounds. There is some dispute as to when the syllabary was completed. Many historians date its completion at about 1821; Cherokee tradition holds that it was created much earlier and was actually in use as early as the late 18th cent. In 1822, Sequoyah visited the Cherokee in Arkansas, and soon he taught thousands of the Native Americans to read and write. He moved with them to present-day Oklahoma. Parts of the Bible were soon printed in Cherokee, and in 1828 a weekly newspaper was begun. His remarkable achievement helped to unite the Cherokee and make them leaders among other Native Americans. The giant tree, sequoia, is named for him.
- See biographies by G. Foreman (1938, repr. 1970) and C. C. Coblentz (1946, repr. 1962);.
- Tell Them They Lie: The Sequoyah Myth (1971). ,
pronunciation Sequoya or Sequoyah or Sequoia ca1760–1843 George Guess Cherokee Indian scholar
Cherokee leader. He was a major figure behind the decision of the Cherokee to adopt as much as possible of white culture, while retaining their...
An 86-character syllabary that captures the 86 syllables of the spoken Cherokee language. Sequoyah, a Cherokee also known by the English name of Geo