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Definition: right-angled triangle from The Penguin Dictionary of Science

A ➤triangle with one interior angle equal to a right angle.


Summary Article: right-angled triangle
from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

Triangle in which one of the angles is a right angle (90°). It is the basic form of triangle for defining trigonometrical ratios (for example, sine, cosine, and tangent) and for which Pythagoras' theorem holds true. The longest side of a right-angled triangle is called the hypotenuse; its area is equal to half the product of the lengths of the two shorter sides.

Any triangle constructed with its hypotenuse as the diameter of a circle, with its opposite vertex (corner) on the circumference, is a right-angled triangle. This is a fundamental theorem in geometry, first credited to the Greek mathematician Thales about 580 BC.

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