(ôdēlôN' rədôN'), 1840–1916, French painter and lithographer. He studied in Paris under Gérôme. Later his friend Fantin-Latour taught him lithography, but he was most influenced by Rodolphe Bresdin, an older artist who had created a world of fantastic imagery. Redon's first volume of lithographs, Dans le rêve, appeared in 1879. After 1889 he devoted himself to oil painting and especially pastels. Symbolically conceived, his work is related to that of writers such as Poe, Baudelaire, and Mallarmé. An artist of lyrical and mystical vision, he created translucent flower pieces and often depicted literary subjects. Redon stands as a precursor to surrealism, with his mysterious evocations of a dreamworld. Characteristic of his paintings are Les Yeux clos (Louvre) and Le Silence (Mus. of Modern Art, New York City). Fine examples of his graphic work can be found at the Art Institute, Chicago, and at the Bibliothèque nationale, Paris.
- See his journal, À.
- Soi-Même (1922);.
- Graphic Works (tr. 1913, repr. 1969);.
- studies by K. Berger (1965), J. Selz (1971), and S. F. Eisenman (1992).
Related Credo Articles
1840-1916 French painter and lithographer Born in Bordeaux, he studied in Paris under Jean Léon Géröme. He made many charcoal drawings and lithograph
The French artist and printmaker Odilon Redon developed an intensely personal visual vocabulary. Although he was held in high...
French painter, draughtsman, graphic artist and writer. Until about 1878 he painted landscapes in oil and pastel under the...