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Definition: Ray, Man from Philip's Encyclopedia

US photographer, painter, sculptor, and film-maker, the founder of the New York Dada movement with Marcel Duchamp and Francis Picabia. Ray is best known for photographs produced without a camera by placing objects on light-sensitive paper and exposing them to light.


Summary Article: Ray, Man (1890–1977) from The Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Graphic Design and Designers

Artist, designer and photographer. Born in Philadelphia, US, his early training was as a painter in New York. Much influenced by the ‘Armory Show’ of modern art in NewYork(1913). He met Marcel Duchamp and the photographer Alfred Stieglitz in 1915 and along with Duchamp and Francis Picabia, formed a New York dada group in 1917. Moved to Paris in 1921 and at about this time created his most significant photographic images, which he called ‘rayographs’ (photograms). Created without a camera, they were achieved by manipulating the light source projected on to objects placed on light-sensitive photographic paper. After 1923, along with a group of Dadaists led by André Breton, he became involved with surrealism. Thereafter experimented with photographic collage and photographic techniques such as multiple exposure and solarization. By the mid-1930s Ray was established as a successful photographer, collaborating with Picasso (1936) to produce a series of rayographs and working with Alexey brodovitch at harper's bazaar. He returned to the US in 1940, settling in Hollywood. Under Herbert bayer's direction Ray contributed to the advertising and design programmes devised for container corporation of america. He returned finally to Paris in 1950. His autobiography, Self Portrait, was published in 1963. See also colour section

Thames & Hudson © 2012

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