English writer of adventure stories for children. A journalist, he was correspondent in Russia for the Daily News during World War I and the Russian Revolution. His children's novels feature sailing and include Swallows and Amazons (1930) and Peter Duck (1932).
He was also a student of folklore, and the stories he collected while working in Russia were published in 1916 as Old Peter's Russian Tales.
His Swallows and Amazons series of 12 children's books recounts the adventures of the Walker (Swallow) and Blackett (Amazon) families and their friends, in the Lake District and on the Norfolk Broads, and reflects Ransome's interest in sailing and fishing.
Ransome was born in Leeds and educated at Rugby public school. He entered a publisher's office and wrote some books of criticism, including studies of Edgar Allan Poe (1910) and Oscar Wilde (1912). His series of 12 children's books includes Winter Holiday (1933), Pigeon Post (1936), We Didn't Mean to go to Sea (1937), Secret Water (1939), The Big Six (1940), and Great Northern? (1947).
Ransome, Arthur (Michell)
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