Scottish chef, restaurateur, and television personality. He is known for his Michelin-starred restaurants, and for his fiery and profane outbursts in the kitchen. A former footballer, he worked at several of London's top restaurants before opening his own Gordon Ramsay in Chelsea in 1998.
The Gordon Ramsay restaurant was awarded three Michelin stars in 2001. His other London restaurants include Pétrus (1999), Gordon Ramsay at Claridges (2001–13), Maze (2005), and Bread Street Kitchen (2011). He has also opened restaurants in the USA, Dubai, Tokyo, France, and Italy. After his reality-TV success with Boiling Point (1999), which exposed the stresses of trying to open a restaurant as well as his own explosive temper, he has starred in a number of television series, including Hell's Kitchen, in which he attempted to train contestants to become Michelin-star quality chefs in two weeks; Ramsay's Kitchen Nightmares (2004–09), in which he attempted to rescue failing restaurants around the UK; and The F Word food magazine and cooking programme (2005–10). A number of his series have transferred to the USA, and he has also starred in the US version of Masterchef since 2010.
Ramsay was born in Scotland but grew up in Stratford-upon-Avon, England. After leaving his football career following injury, Ramsay attended a course in hotel management in 1981. During the late 1980s he worked in several well-known London restaurants including Maxim's, Harveys, and Le Gavroche. After further training in France and a year as a personal chef on a yacht, he became chef at Aubergine in 1993, where he earned two Michelin stars. He has published over twenty cookbooks, and also the memoir Humble Pie (2006).
Ramsay, Gordon James