Skip to main content Skip to Search Box

Definition: Phaedrus (c. 15 BC–c.AD 50) from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

Roman fable writer. Born in Macedonia, he came to Rome as a slave in the household of Emperor Augustus, where he learnt Latin and was later freed. The allusions in his 97 fables (modelled on those of Aesop) caused him to be brought to trial by a minister of Emperor Tiberius. His work was popular in the Middle Ages.

quotations

Phaedrus


Summary Article: Phaedrus
From Britannica Concise Encyclopedia

(born c. 15 bc, Thrace—died c. ad 50, Italy) Roman fabulist. A slave by birth, Phaedrus became a freedman in Augustus’s household. He was the first writer to Latinize whole books of fables, producing free versions in iambic metre of Greek prose fables that were then circulating under the name of Aesop. Phaedrus’s renderings, noted for their charm, brevity, and didacticism, became very popular in medieval Europe; they include such favourites as “The Fox and the Sour Grapes” and “The Wolf and the Lamb.”

Birth Place: Thrace, region, Europe

Name: Phaedrus or Phaedrus

Gender: male

Nationality: Roman

Activity: Roman fabulist

Keywords: “Two Wallets, The”, “Fox and the Sour Grapes, The”, “Pearl in the Dung-Heap, The”, Roman, Italy, “Romulus”, poetry, Latin literature, fable, Thrace, Phaedrus, prose, “Wolf and the Lamb, The”, “Lion’s Share, The”

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Copyright 1994-2017 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc

Related Articles


Full text Article Phaedrus, Gaius Julius (c. 15  BC - c.  AD 50)
Who's Who in The Roman World, Routledge

The versifier of Aesop's fables in Latin. He was born a slave in Thrace and was brought to Rome where he became a slave...

Full text Article Phaedrus
Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable

A freedman of AUGUSTUS, who, in the reign of Tiberius, translated AESOP's Fables into Latin verse, interspersing them with anecdotes of his own. A p

Full text Article Aesop
The Columbia Encyclopedia

(ē'sӘp, ē'sŏp), legendary Greek fabulist. According to Herodotus, he was a slave who lived in Samos in the 6th cent. B.C. and eventually was freed b

See more from Credo