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Definition: Phaedrus (c. 15 BC–c.AD 50) from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

Roman fable writer. Born in Macedonia, he came to Rome as a slave in the household of Emperor Augustus, where he learnt Latin and was later freed. The allusions in his 97 fables (modelled on those of Aesop) caused him to be brought to trial by a minister of Emperor Tiberius. His work was popular in the Middle Ages.



Summary Article: Phaedrus, Gaius Julius
from Chambers Biographical Dictionary


Translator and adaptor of Aesop's fables into Latin verse

Born in Macedonia, he was taken to Rome at an early age and became the freedman of Augustus or Tiberius. Under Tiberius he published the first two books of his fables, but his biting allusions to the tyranny of the emperor and his minister Sejanus caused him to be accused and condemned - his punishment is unknown. On the death of Sejanus he published his third book. The fourth and fifth books belong to his last years. In addition to reproducing the fables of Aesop, he invented his own and also borrowed from other sources.

© Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd 2011

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