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Definition: papaya from The Macquarie Dictionary
1.

the large melon-like fruit of the shrub or small tree, Carica papaya, of the family Caricaceae, originally from tropical America, especially the smaller, sweet, pink-fleshed variety.

Plural: papayas

See Also: pawpaw 162

Etymology: Spanish ; of Carib origin


Summary Article: Papaya
From The Illustrated Cook's Book of Ingredients

Also called pawpaw, the papaya grows in tropical or subtropical regions such as Hawaii and South Africa. It can vary in size, shape, and color, but typically is an elongated pear shape with thin, shiny, yellow-green skin and vivid pink or orange flesh that is musky-sweet and succulent. The fruit and its leaves contain an enzyme called papain that is used as a meat tenderizer.

Buy

Papaya are in season all year round. Choose a papaya that feels heavy for its size and has smooth skin with no pitting or cracking. Ripe fruit will have a sweet aroma and be soft enough to hold an impression when gently squeezed (but handle carefully to avoid bruising).

Store

Keep slightly unripe fruit at room temperature until soft and yellow. If ripe, store in a closed paper bag in the refrigerator. Papaya flesh can be frozen in sugar syrup.

Eat
Fresh:

Use in salads, desserts, and salsas. Press for juice.

Cooked:

When unripe, steam as a vegetable, dice for soup, or stuff and bake as a savory dish.

Preserved:

Bottle in syrup; make preserves and pickles; dry; or candy/crystallize.

Flavor pairings

Meat, smoked meats, avocado, chiles, lime, lemon, other tropical fruits, coconut, ginger.

Classic recipes

Thai green papaya salad; papaya salsa.

Mexican papaya

This jumbo-sized fruit has yellow, orange, or pink flesh that is firm and juicy if not quite as intense in flavor as Hawaiian papaya, the type common in supermarkets. Eat fresh or use for sauces and smoothies.

Hawaiian papaya

A smooth-skinned variety with a shallow seed cavity, Sunrise has very sweet flesh. It is part of a group of papayas called “solo,” because they are a suitable size for one person.

© 2010 Dorling Kindersley Limited

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