English suffragette. Founder of the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) in 1903, she launched the militant suffragette campaign in 1905. In 1926 she joined the Conservative Party and was a prospective Parliamentary candidate for Whitechapel.
Mrs Pankhurst was born in Manchester, the daughter of Robert Goulden, an early advocate of women's suffrage. In 1879 she married Richard Marsden Pankhurst (died 1898), a lawyer, and they served together on the committee that promoted the Married Women's Property Act. From 1906, as a militant, she was frequently arrested and in 1913 was sentenced to three years' imprisonment in connection with the blowing up of Lloyd George's house at Walton.
She was supported by her daughters Christabel Pankhurst (1880–1958), political leader of the movement, and Sylvia Pankhurst (1882–1960). The latter was imprisoned nine times under the ‘Cat and Mouse Act’, and was a pacifist in World War I.
When World War I broke out she called off the suffrage campaign and went recruiting in the USA. She died only a month before Stanley Baldwin's Representation of the People Act gave women full equality in the franchise.
Her autobiography The Life of Emmeline Pankhurst was published in 1935.
Pearson, Allan C: Emmeline Pankhurst's imprisonment
Gender Matters in Victorian Times
Political Rights of Women
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