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Summary Article: Ohio from Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary
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Navigable river in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois; formed by confluence of Allegheny and Monongahela rivers at Pittsburgh, SW Pennsylvania, flows W and SW to form Ohio-West Virginia, Ohio-Kentucky, Indiana-Kentucky, and Illinois-Kentucky boundaries; empties into Mississippi River at Cairo, S extremity of Illinois; 975 mi. (1569 km.) long; area of its basin 203,900 sq. mi. (528,101 sq. km.).

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A north central state of U.S.A., bounded on N by Michigan and Lake Erie, on E by Pennsylvania and Ohio River, on S by Ohio River, and on W by Indiana; 35th state in area, 41,222 sq. mi. (106,765 sq. km.); in addition to this area Ohio has also 3457 sq. mi. (8954 sq. km.) of water of the Great Lakes; 7th state in population, (2000c) 11,353,140; ✽ Columbus; 17th state admitted to Union (1803).

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Name of counties in three states of the U.S. See tables at indiana kentucky west virginia.

Nickname:

Buckeye State.

State flower:

Scarlet carnation.

Rivers:

Ohio (SE and S boundary) and its tributaries the Muskingum, Scioto, and Miami; Maumee and Sandusky flowing to Lake Erie.

Highest point:

Campbell Hill, 1550 ft. (472 m.), in Logan co.

Chief products:

Corn, soybeans, oats; livestock; natural gas, coal; manufacturing: iron and steel, rubber products, machinery.

Chief cities:

Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Toledo, Akron, Dayton.

Political divisions:

Divided into the following 88 counties (for pronunciation of their names, see their individual entries):

name area1 (sq. mi.) area1 (sq. km.) pop. (2000c) co. seat
Adams 587 1,520 27,330 West Union
Allen 410 1,062 108,473 Lima
Ashland 424 1,098 52,523 Ashland
Ashtabula 700 1,813 102,728 Jefferson
Athens 504 1,305 62,223 Athens
Auglaize 400 1,036 46,611 Wapakoneta
Belmont 534 1,383 70,226 Saint Clairsville
Brown 490 1,269 42,285 Georgetown
Butler 471 1,220 332,807 Hamilton
Carroll 390 1,010 28,836 Carrollton
Champaign 432 1,119 38,890 Urbana
Clark 402 1,041 144,742 Springfield
Clermont 458 1,186 177,977 Batavia
Clinton 410 1,062 40,543 Wilmington
Columbiana 534 1,383 112,075 Lisbon
Coshocton 562 1,456 36,655 Coshocton
Crawford 404 1,046 46,966 Bucyrus
Cuyahoga 456 1,181 1,393,978 Cleveland
Darke 605 1,567 53,309 Greenville
Defiance 412 1,067 39,500 Defiance
Delaware 450 1,166 109,989 Delaware
Erie 264 684 79,551 Sandusky
Fairfield 505 1,308 122,759 Lancaster
Fayette 406 1,052 28,433 Washington Court House
Franklin 538 1,393 1,068,978 Columbus
Fulton 407 1,054 42,084 Wauseon
Gallia 471 1,220 31,069 Gallipolis
Geauga 407 1,054 90,895 Chardon
Greene 415 1,075 147,886 Xenia
Guernsey 528 1,368 40,792 Cambridge
Hamilton 414 1,072 845,303 Cincinnati
Hancock 532 1,378 71,295 Findlay
Hardin 467 1,210 31,945 Kenton
Harrison 401 1,039 15,856 Cadiz
Henry 416 1,077 29,210 Napoleon
Highland 549 1,422 40,875 Hillsboro
Hocking 421 1,090 28,241 Logan
Holmes 424 1,098 38,943 Millersburg
Huron 497 1,287 59,487 Norwalk
Jackson 419 1,085 32,641 Jackson
Jefferson 411 1,064 73,894 Steubenville
Knox 531 1,375 54,500 Mount Vernon
Lake 231 598 227,511 Painesville
Lawrence 456 1,181 62,319 Ironton
Licking 686 1,777 145,491 Newark
Logan 460 1,191 46,005 Bellefontaine
Lorain 495 1,282 284,664 Elyria
Lucas 343 888 455,054 Toledo
Madison 464 1,202 40,213 London
Mahoning 415 1,075 257,555 Youngstown
Marion 405 1,049 66,217 Marion
Medina 425 1,101 151,095 Medina
Meigs 436 1,129 23,072 Pomeroy
Mercer 454 1,176 40,924 Celina
Miami 407 1,054 98,868 Troy
Monroe 456 1,181 15,180 Woodsfield
Montgomery 459 1,189 559,062 Dayton
Morgan 420 1,088 14,897 McConnelsville
Morrow 403 1,044 31,628 Mount Gilead
Muskingum 667 1,728 84,585 Zanesville
Noble 398 1,031 14,058 Caldwell
Ottawa 258 668 40,985 Port Clinton
Paulding 417 1,080 20,293 Paulding
Perry 410 1,062 34,078 New Lexington
Pickaway 507 1,313 52,727 Circleville
Pike 443 1,147 27,695 Waverly
Portage 495 1,282 152,061 Ravenna
Preble 428 1,109 42,337 Eaton
Putnam 486 1,259 34,726 Ottawa
Richland 496 1,285 128,852 Mansfield
Ross 687 1,779 73,345 Chillicothe
Sandusky 409 1,059 61,792 Fremont
Scioto 608 1,575 79,195 Portsmouth
Seneca 551 1,427 58,683 Tiffin
Shelby 408 1,057 47,910 Sidney
Stark 576 1,492 378,098 Canton
Summit 410 1,062 542,899 Akron
Trumbull 615 1,593 225,116 Warren
Tuscarawas 569 1,474 90,914 New Philadelphia
Union 434 1,124 40,909 Marysville
Van Wert 409 1,059 29,659 Van Wert
Vinton 411 1,064 12,806 McArthur
Warren 408 1,057 158,383 Lebanon
Washington 641 1,660 63,251 Marietta
Wayne 561 1,453 111,564 Wooster
Williams 421 1,090 39,188 Bryan
Wood 619 1,603 121,065 Bowling Green
Wyandot 406 1,052 22,908 Upper Sandusky
History:

Has many earthwork mounds of prehistoric Mound Builders; inhabited by various Indian tribes (incl. Miami, Shawnee, Delaware, and Wyandot) when Europeans began settling the area; claimed by both France and Britain in colonial times; ceded to Britain 1763 following French and Indian War; became part of U.S. by Treaty of Paris 1783 following American Revolution; included 1787 in Northwest Terr. (q.v.); first permanent white settlement at Marietta 1788; W boundary with Indian lands determined by Maj. Gen. Anthony Wayne's defeat of Indians 1794 at Fallen Timbers and by Treaty of Greenville 1795; Western Reserve (q.v.) incorp. 1800; first constitution 1802; unofficially entered Union Feb. 19, 1803. In 1953, by resolution of U.S. Congress, Mar. 1, 1803 declared official day of admission to Union.


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Area = land area.

Copyright © 2007 by Merriam-Webster, Incorporated

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