According to proponents of net neutrality (also known as network or Internet neutrality), the Internet functions best (and most fairly) if Internet service providers (ISPs) do not discriminate among users or data, but instead treat all equally. Differential pricing for different users or types of data violates net neutrality, as does giving higher priority to certain users or types of data. In particular, any attempt by ISPs to create tiered pricing or service, especially to discriminate against subscribers of their competitors, violates net neutrality.
Because the marketplace provides more incentives for ISPs to discriminate against their competitors and in favor of their own content and subscribers than it does to provide neutral access, proponents of net neutrality have attempted to convince the U.S. Congress to enact legislation requiring it. These attempts have been unsuccessful; however, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has, for the most part, acted as a guardian of net neutrality. Its authority is limited, however. In 2008, the FCC ruled against Comcast, an ISP, in a complaint brought by Comcast subscribers over Comcast's interference with their use of BitTorrent, a peer-to-peer networking application. Comcast then petitioned for review in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, which held that the FCC had lacked authority to rule against Comcast, because “the Commission has failed to tie its assertion of ancillary authority over Comcast's Internet service to any ‘statutorily mandated responsibility’” (Comcast Corp., 600 F. 3d at 661).
Full text Article Should Net Neutrality Be Restored? - Top 3 Pros and Cons
Tuesday, June 5, 2018 The net neutrality rules adopted in 2015 regulated the internet as a common carrier, the same category as telephone service, under Title II of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 . [ 5 ] The FCC rules prevented internet service providers (ISPs) from blocking, slowing, …continue
Means ‘open’ and ‘equal’ – that is, open to all without discrimination, and equal in terms of access; in short, all Net postings, whether corporate
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BACKGROUND The term “net neutrality” stands for the principle that Internet users should have unrestricted access to the content and services on