The goddess Nephthys is encountered most frequently in a funerary context, paired with her sister Isis. Her name, Nbt-Hwt, can be translated as "Lady (or Mistress) of Hwt," variously understood to mean mortuary foundation, temple, or royal installation. The interpretation of her name as "mistress of the house" in the sense of "housewife" (te Velde 1977: 30) seems less persuasive. She is situated in cosmogonies as a member of the Heliopolitan Ennead, as one of the four offspring of Geb and Nut. She is paired with her brother Seth in the Pyramid Texts, and in the Roman period portrayed as his consort in the oases of Dakhleh and Kharga. There is no known cult center exclusively dedicated to Nephthys until the Roman period, when the temple erected by Antoninus Pius at Komir contains reliefs and a hymn addressed to Nephthys and Anukhet, each named "mistress of the district of the gazelle" (es-Saghir and Valbelle 1983).
Nephthys most commonly appears as a woman, with the nbt-Hwt glyph on her head. As a kestrel, she appears with Isis as drty mourning birds, while the liturgies known as the Lamentations and Songs of Isis and Nephthys show her importance in a performative context.
Isis, Pharaonic Egypt.
Nepthys was an ancient Egyptian goddess mainly associated with death, decay, and darkness. She was the sister of the powerful deities Isis,...
Nebthet ('palace-basket') or Nebhut ('lady of the palace'; Greek Nephthys), in Egyptian myth, was the daughter of Geb and Nut and sister of...
The personification of Earth, Geb was the son of Shu (air) and Tefnut (moisture), the grandson of Atum and a member of the Ennead. Geb's union with