Skip to main content Skip to Search Box

Definition: neon from Dictionary of Energy

Chemistry. an inert element having the symbol Ne, the atomic number 10, an atomic weight of 20.179, a melting point of -249°C, and a boiling point of -246°C; a colorless, odorless, tasteless noble gas that ionizes in electric discharge tubes; used in fluorescent lighting, electronics, and lasers.

Summary Article: neon
from The Columbia Encyclopedia

(nē'ŏn) [Gr.,=new], gaseous chemical element; symbol Ne; at. no. 10; at. wt. 20.1797; m.p. −248.67 degrees Celsius; b.p. −246.048 degrees Celsius; density 0.8999 grams per liter at STP; valence 0. Neon is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas. It is one of the inert gases in Group 18 of the periodic table; it does not form compounds in the normal chemical sense. A small amount of neon in a partially evacuated glass tube emits a bright reddish-orange glow while conducting electricity. Neon is a rare gas present in the atmosphere to a very limited extent. It is obtained as a byproduct in the production of liquid air. The greatest commercial use of neon is in advertising signs (see lighting). It is also used in high-intensity beacons, in some electron tubes, in Geiger counters, in automotive ignition timing lights, and in high-voltage warning indicators. It is used for particle detection in high-energy physics research. Neon finds use in lasers both as a light-emitting agent and as a coolant. Liquid neon is a particularly good cryogenic refrigerant since it will absorb more heat without vaporizing than an equal volume of liquid helium or liquid hydrogen. Neon was discovered in 1898 by William Ramsay and M. W. Travers.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, © Columbia University Press 2018

Related Articles

Full text Article neon
Philip's Encyclopedia

(symbol Ne) Gaseous nonmetallic element, a noble gas . Colourless and odourless, it is present in the atmosphere (0.0018% by volume) and is...

Full text Article neon
The Penguin English Dictionary

/neeon/ noun 1 a gaseous chemical element of the noble gas group, used in fluorescent signs and lighting: symbol Ne, atomic number...

Full text Article Neon (Ne)
Illustrated Dictionary of Science, Andromeda

One of the Noble gases . It is used in discharge tubes, low-wattage glow lamps, Spark chambers , and in helium-neon Lasers . Liquid neon...

See more from Credo