Skip to main content Skip to Search Box
Summary Article: Náxos
from The Columbia Encyclopedia

(näk'sôs, năk'sŏs), island (1991 pop. 14,838), c.160 sq mi (410 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea; largest of the Cyclades. Náxos, the chief town, is on the western shore. The fertile island produces fruits, olive oil, and a noted white wine. It has been a source of white marble, emery, and granite since ancient times. Náxos is famous in mythology as the place where Theseus abandoned Ariadne. It was a center of the worship of Dionysius. The island was colonized by the Ionians and in 490 B.C. was captured and sacked by the Persians. It was a member of the Delian League, but after an unsuccessful attempt to secede was captured (c.470 B.C.) and became a tributary to Athens. Náxos passed to Venice in 1207 and was the seat of a Venetian duchy until 1566, when it fell to the Ottoman Turks. It became part of independent Greece in 1829.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, © Columbia University Press 2017

Related Articles


Full text Article Naxos, Greece
Penguin Encyclopedia of Places

Largest island in the Cyclades in the Aegean Sea. Area 438 sq km (169 sq. miles). Pop. (1985) 14,500. Known since ancient times for its...

Full text Article Náxos
The Macmillan Encyclopedia

A Greek island in the S Aegean Sea, the largest in the Cyclades. Náxos is traditionally the place where Theseus abandoned Ariadne. It...

Full text Article 477 BC
The Hutchinson Chronology of World History

The Delian League, an alliance of Greek states around the Aegean Sea, is formed to continue the fight against the Persians. Although formally all th

See more from Credo