(born Oct. 26, 1919, Tehrān, Iran—died July 27, 1980, Cairo, Egypt) Shah of Iran (1941–79), noted for his pro-Western orientation and autocratic rule. After an education in Switzerland, he replaced his father, Reza Shah Pahlavi, as ruler when the latter was forced into exile by the British. His rule was marked by a power struggle with his premier, Mohammad Mosaddeq, who briefly succeeded in deposing him in 1953; covert intervention by British and U.S. intelligence services returned him to the throne the next year. His program of rapid modernization and oil-field development initially brought him popular support, but his autocratic style and suppression of dissent, along with corruption and the unequal distribution of Iran’s new oil wealth, increased opposition led by exiled cleric Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. In 1979 Pahlavi was forced into exile.
Birth Place: Tehrān, national capital, Iran
Death Place: Cairo, national capital, Egypt
Name: Pahlavi, Mohammad Reza Shah or Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
Activity: shah of Iran
Keywords: Westernization, Reza Shah Pahlavi, government economic policy, Iranian, foreign policy, Shīʿite, Tehrān, government, son, Egypt, Iran, Pahlavi, Mohammad Reza Shah, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, Cairo
1919-80 Shah of Iran He succeeded on the abdication of his father, Reza Shah Pahlavi, in 1941. His first two marriages, to Princess Fawzia, sister of
1919–1980 Last ruler of the Pahlavi Dynasty in Iran prior to the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979, born in Tehran and died...
By the time Kasravi was writing his works of history, Reza Shah was heavily promoting Iranian nationalism by the state. A ruthless reformer, he...