(ämādĕ'ō mōdēlyä'nē), 1884–1920, Italian painter, b. Livorno. In Paris after 1906, Modigliani first worked as a sculptor and was influenced by the works of Constantin Brancusi, cubism, and African art. Soon, however, he developed a unique style in painting, creating sensuous nudes and singular portraits characterized by an elongation of form, a purity of line, a sense of sculptural mass, and a languorous atmosphere reminiscent of Florentine mannerism. Although known to other artists and many Parisian intellectuals, he remained largely unknown to the public during his short life, which was one of poverty, dissipation, and disease. Shortly after his death from tuberculosis, his portraits and figure studies became highly prized by collectors. Modigliani is particularly well represented in the Art Institute of Chicago and the Museum of Modern Art, New York City.
- See biographies by W. Fifield (1978) and M. Secrest (2011);.
- studies by J. Modigliani (1958), J. T. Soby (1963), A. Werner (1967), C. Mann (1985), A. S. Pfannsteil and B. Schuster (1986), A. Kruszynski (1996), D. Autkrystof (2000), K. Wayne (2002), M. Restilinni (2003), and M. Klein et al. (2004).
1884-1920 Italian painter and sculptor He was born in Livorno, Tuscany. His early work was influenced by the painters of the Italian Renaissance, par
Italian painter, sculptor and draughtsman; born in Leghorn, of Jewish descent. Modigliani studied in Venice and Florence and...
The Italian painter and sculptor Amedeo Modigliani was born at Livorno. He was encouraged in his early talent by his mother,...