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Summary Article: Mladic, Ratko
from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

Bosnian Serb general, leader of the Bosnian Serb army 1992–96. His ruthless conduct in the civil war in Bosnia, including the widespread maltreatment of prisoners and the disappearance of many more, led to his being indicted for war crimes, including genocide and crimes against humanity, by the United Nations War Crimes Commission in 1995.

After living freely in Belgrade, he went into hiding from 2001, but was believed to have enjoyed protection from Serb security forces. With Serbia seeking to remove obstacles that were blocking its prospects of European Union membership, in May 2011 Serbian special forces arrested Mladic. He was then extradited to the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in the Hague, where his trial for alleged war crimes began in May 2012.

Mladic was born in Kalnovik, Herzegovina. He graduated from a military academy and joined the Yugoslav Communist Party in 1965. He started his military career as a general in the former Yugoslav Federal Army, but when Yugoslavia broke up he became one of the leaders of the Serbian population in Bosnia, and was appointed military commander of the Republika Srbska by its president Radovan Karadžić in 1992. He led the Bosnian Serb armed forces until the Dayton Agreement brought peace in 1995. In November 1996 he was dismissed as arms chief by Biljana Plavsic, president of the Bosnian Serb Republic; supporters of Mladic sought unsuccessfully to overturn the decision.

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