Canadian singer, songwriter, and guitarist. She started her career in the 1960s folk style and later added elements of rock and jazz with sophisticated confessional lyrics. Her albums include Blue (1971), For the Roses (1972), and Court and Spark (1974).
She moved to New York in 1967 and recorded her first album, Song to a Seagull, in 1968. This was followed by Clouds in 1969 and Ladies of the Canyon in 1970. Blue appeared in 1971 after a year's break from performing. For the Roses marked a departure from Mitchell's earlier acoustic sound, incorporating orchestral arrangements. Court and Spark won her an accolade as Rolling Stone magazine's artist of the year.
Later albums include The Hissing of Summer Lawns (1975), Hejira (1976), Don Juan's Reckless Daughter (1977), Mingus (1979) (a collaboration with the US jazz musician Charles Mingus), Turbulent Indigo (1994; Grammy for Best Pop Album), and Both Sides Now (2000; Grammy for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album). Her latest album of original material, Shine, was released in 2007.
Mitchell was born in Fort Macleod, Alberta, but moved to Saskatchewan, Canada, in 1945. She started piano lessons at the age of seven, and taught herself to play the guitar and ukulele. After high school and a year of art college, she began playing folk songs in clubs and at festivals, before moving to New York. She was awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2002.
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