(mìtnĭr'ēəm), artificially produced radioactive chemical element; symbol Mt; at. no. 109; mass number of most stable isotope 276; m.p., b.p., sp. gr., and valence unknown. Situated in Group 9 of the periodic table it is expected to have properties similar to those of iridium.
In 1982 a German research team led by P. Armbruster and G. Münzenberg at the Institute for Heavy Ion Research at Darmstadt bombarded bismuth-209 atoms with iron-58 ions. On the tenth day of the experiment, one atom was unambiguously identified as an isotope of element 109 with mass number 266 and a half-life of 3.4 msec. The Germans suggested the name meitnerium to honor the Austrian-Swedish physicist and mathematician Lise Meitner. This name was recognized internationally in 1997. The most stable isotope of meitnerium, meitnerium-276, has a half-life of 0.72 sec.
See also synthetic elements; transuranium elements.
Related Credo Articles
The artificially produced radioactive transuranic element known as meitnerium (formerly called unnilennium) is named in honour of the...
/mietniəriəm/ noun an unstable radioactive chemical element made artificially by high-energy ion bombardment: symbol Mt, atomic number...
(hăs'ēəm, häs'–), artificially produced radioactive chemical element; symbol Hs; at. no. 108; mass number of most stable isotope 277; m.p., b.p., sp.