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Summary Article: Maynard, Robert C(lyve) (1937–1993)
from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

US journalist and publisher. In 1972 he was named an associate editor of the Washington Post and his stature was such that he was one of three journalists invited to question President Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter in their 1976 presidential campaign debate. From 1972–74 he was codirector of a program at Columbia University School of Journalism designed to train minority journalists. In 1977 he left the Post and with his wife, the journalist Nancy Hall Hicks, he established a similar journalism studies program at the University of California, Berkeley, creating the Institute for Journalism Education. In 1979 he became the editor of the Californian Oakland Tribune, and as a result was the first African-American to direct editorial operations for a major daily paper.

The son of immigrants from Barbados, Maynard was born in New York City. He quit school at the age of 16 and began to work as a reporter for the New York Age, an African-American weekly. He landed his first job on a white newspaper in 1961 on the Pennsylvania-based York Gazette and Daily. He spent 1966 as a Nieman Fellow at Harvard University, then returned to the Gazette, before joining the Washington Post in 1967 as its first black national correspondent. In 1983 he became the first African-American to own and publish a major daily newspaper when he bought controlling interest in the Oakland Tribune. Eroding circulation and advertising forced him to sell it to the Alameda Newspaper Group in 1992 but he remained as publisher and editor. A Pulitzer Prize juror, and a leader in various professional organizations, he took greatest pride in helping scores of minority youths enter journalism, an effort that earned him the description of ‘the Jackie Robinson of publishing’.

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