descended from the ancient Olmec people, lived in the rainforests of Central America for hundreds of years. Historians divide this time into three periods: the Preclassic, Classic, and Postclassic. Preclassic Maya lived among the Olmec. Classic Maya lived in what is now Guatemala. Postclassic Maya lived in the Yucatán Peninsula of eastern Mexico. Mayans divided their societies into classes, including rulers, religious leaders, government workers, craftspeople, farmers, and slaves. Classic and Postclassic Maya built important religious and trade centers called city-states. The ruins of some city-states still exist, including Tikal and Palenque. The recent discovery of sophisticated Preclassic ruins show that they too, had a flourishing culture. Historians do not know the exact reasons for the Mayan decline, but suspect war and crop failure.
Plains peoples actively managed the land for native plants and animals. They set the
Language: They spoke the Mayan language.
Location: They occupied Mesoamerica, particularly the Yucatán Peninsula, Guatemala, Belize, western Honduras, and El Salvador.
Diet: They planted corn, beans, squash, chili peppers, and cassava, a kind of melon.
Housing: The Maya built stone palaces and pyramid temples. Farmers lived in simple pole and grass houses outside the cities.
Customs: Priests performed sacred ceremonies.
Interesting Fact: Mayan writings include history, science, and math. The Maya developed their own calendars and even built observatories to study the stars and planets.
A Native Central American nation stretching from southern Mexico to Honduras. Sedentary farmers, hunters, gatherers and traders, they spoke...
One of the great cultures of mesoamerica , Maya civilization extended throughout southern mexico and northern Central America. The Maya...
Pre-Columbian people of South America. Among the civilizations that existed in the Americas before Christopher Columbus (1451–1506) landed...