Skip to main content Skip to Search Box
Summary Article: Masson, André (-Aimé-René)
From Britannica Concise Encyclopedia

(born Jan. 4, 1896, Balagny, France—died Oct. 28, 1987, Paris) French painter and graphic artist. After studying painting in Brussels and Paris, he was severely wounded in World War I, and an overriding pessimism penetrated his art. He joined the Surrealist movement in 1924 and became the leading practitioner of automatism. In the late 1920s and ’30s he produced turbulent images of violence, psychic pain, eroticism, and physical metamorphosis, using sinuous lines to delineate abstract biomorphic forms. He lived in Spain (1934–36) and later the U.S. (1941–45), where he became an important link between Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism. He later returned to France and concentrated on landscape painting.

Birth Place: Balagny, France

Death Place: Paris, national capital, France

Name: Masson, André or André Masson

Gender: male

Nationality: French

Activity: French artist

Keywords: drawing, Balagny, French, Masson, André, Paris, France, automatism, painting, André Masson, Surrealism

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Copyright 1994-2017 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc

Related Articles


Full text Article Masson, André (1896 - 1987)
The Bloomsbury Guide to Art

He was an early member of the Surrealist movement. He was born in France, but grew up in Belgium and attended both the...

Full text Article Masson André (1896 - 1987)
A Biographical Dictionary of Artists, Andromeda

André Masson was a French painter who was associated with the Surrealist movement. At first influenced by Cubism (as in ...

See more from Credo