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Definition: mantid from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate(R) Dictionary

(1895) : mantis

Summary Article: MANTODEA
from A Dictionary of Entomology

Burmeister 1838. (Triassic Period-Recent.) Praying Mantids. An insect Order placed with Orthoptera in some classifications. Terrestrial Neoptera including ca 1,800 Species and 320 Genera; cosmopolitan but predominantly tropical or subtropical. Adult body size usually moderate to large; head usually hypognathous, triangular in frontal aspect and tapering towards mouthparts, shortened when viewed in dorsal and lateral aspect; head articulates freely with Thorax; mouthparts typically orthopteroid; Maxillary Palpus with 5 segments; Labial Palpus with 3 segments; compound eyes large; 3 Ocelli (larger in male) but sometimes lost; Antenna multisegmented, ciliate, longer in male than female. Prothorax narrow, elongate (in primitive Families frequently leaf-shaped and articulates with Pterothorax); Mesothorax and Metathorax spiraculate, similar in size, shape and sclerotization; fore leg raptorial, fore Coxa elongate, cylindrical, highly mobile; fore Femur elongate, robust, spined along ventral surface; fore Tibia elongate, cylindrical spined along ventral surface with spines opposable to ventral spines of Femur; middle and hind legs cursorial with Coxae large and mobile; tarsal formula 5-5-5; forewing elongate, relatively narrow, hardened into Tegmina, overlapping abdominal Terga in repose; hindwing membranous, fanlike, fluted, folded under Tegmina at repose. Abdomen dorsoventrally compressed, with 11 segments, Sternum 1 usually reduced or absent; Spiracles in pleural membrane of segment 1, in lateral margin of Terga 2–8; Cercus segmented, inserted immediately behind Tergum 10. Female with panoistic Ovarioles; Common Oviduct with large accessory glands whose secretions form Ootheca; size, shape and site of Ootheca Species-specific. Male genitalia asymmetrical. Digestive tract short, straight with large Crop; 6-ribbed proven-triculus; midgut with 8 Caecae; Malpighian Tubules numerous; Thorax with 3 Ganglia; Abdomen with 7 Ganglia. Immature and adult predaceous. Defensive mechanisms include attack, Crypsis, Aposematic Coloration and Mimicry. Included Families Amorphoscelidae, Chaeteessidae, Empusidae, Eremiaphilidae, Hymenopodidae, Mantidae, Mantoididae and Metallyticidae. See Insecta.

© CAB International 2011.

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