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Definition: Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth from Philip's Encyclopedia

US poet. Longfellow's escapist poetry was extremely successful in his lifetime. He is best known for his long narrative poems, such as Evangeline (1847), The Song of Hiawatha (1855), The Courtship of Miles Standish (1858), and Tales of a Wayside Inn (1863), which includes 'Paul Revere's Ride'. Influenced by European Romanticism, Longfellow combined archaic rhythms to enliven American mythology. Ballads and Other Poems (1842) contains two of his most popular shorter poems, 'The Wreck of the Hesperus' and 'The Village Blacksmith'.


Summary Article: Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth
From Britannica Concise Encyclopedia

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Credit:Historical Pictures Service, Chicago

(born Feb. 27, 1807, Portland, Mass., U.S.—died March 24, 1882, Cambridge, Mass.) U.S. poet. Longfellow graduated from Bowdoin College and traveled in Europe before joining the modern-language faculties of Bowdoin (1829–35) and Harvard (1836–54). His Voices of the Night (1839), containing “The Psalm of Life” and “The Light of the Stars,” first won him popularity. Ballads and Other Poems (1841), including “The Wreck of the Hesperus” and “The Village Blacksmith,” swept the nation, as did his long poem Evangeline (1847). With Hiawatha (1855), The Courtship of Miles Standish (1858), and Tales of a Wayside Inn (1863), including “Paul Revere’s Ride,” he became the best-loved American poet of the 19th century. He later translated Dante’s Divine Comedy (1867) and published his intended masterpiece, Christus, a trilogy on Christianity (1872). The hallmarks of his verse are gentleness, simplicity, and an idealized vision of the world.

Birth Place: Portland, Maine, United States

Death Place: Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

Name: Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth or Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Gender: male

Nationality: American

Activity: American poet

Keywords: Cambridge, novel, American, “Ballads and Other Poems”, poetry, “Michael Angelo”, “Life, Psalm of”, “Hymn to the Night”, Massachusetts, “Paul Revere’s Ride”, Maine, “Light of the Stars, The”, “Courtship of Miles Standish, The”, “Song of Hiawatha, The”, “Judas Maccabaeus”, “Tales of a Wayside Inn”, “Wreck of the Hesperus, The“, “Poems on Slavery”, “Village Blacksmith, The”, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, travel literature, Portland, “Christus: A Mystery”, American literature, “Evangeline”, American Renaissance, Brahmin, Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, “Voices of the Night”, “Hyperion”

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Copyright 1994-2017 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc

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