Industrial city and capital of Nebraska, 80 km/50 mi southwest of Omaha in the southeastern part of the state; seat of Lancaster County; population (2000 est) 225,600. It is the centre of a rich agricultural area; industries include processed food, railway rolling stock, engineering, pharmaceuticals, electronic and electrical equipment, and small motor vehicles and motor cycles. It was incorporated in 1869.
Lincoln was known as Lancaster until 1867, when it was renamed after US president Abraham Lincoln and designated the state capital; it was incorporated in 1869.
Features The current State Capitol was built by US architect Bertram Good hue in 1922 and took ten years to complete. Features include the Museum of Nebraska History and the Ralph Mueller Planetarium. Educational institutions include the main campus of the University of Nebraska–Lincoln (1869), Nebraska Wesleyan University (1887), and Union College (1889). University buildings are among Lincoln's 73 entries on the national register of historic places; others include the YWCA and the State Arsenal.