Skip to main content Skip to Search Box

Definition: Liguria from Collins English Dictionary

n

1 a region of NW Italy, on the Ligurian Sea (an arm of the Mediterranean): the third smallest of the regions of Italy. Pop: 1 572 197 (2003 est). Area: 5410 sq km (2089 sq miles)


Summary Article: Liguria
from The Columbia Encyclopedia

(lĭgʊr'ēə, Ital. lēgu'ryä), region (1991 pop. 1,676,282), 2,098 sq mi (5,434 sq km), NW Italy, extending along the Ligurian Sea and bordering France on the west. The generally mountainous region has a steep, narrow coastal strip that includes the beautiful Italian Riviera. In the interior, the Ligurian Alps rise in the west and the Ligurian Apennines in the east. Genoa is the capital of Liguria, which is divided into Genoa, Imperia, La Spezia, and Savona provs. (named for their capitals, all of which are seaports). Flowers (mostly for use in making perfume), olives, wine grapes, citrus fruit, mushrooms, and cereals are grown. Chestnuts are gathered in the mountains, where there are extensive pastures, timberland, and marble, slate, quartz, and limestone quarries. Fishing is pursued along the coast. Manufactures of the region include iron and steel, ships, machinery, textiles, chemicals, processed food, and forest products. Liguria derives its name from the ancient Ligurii, who occupied the Mediterranean coast from the Rhône River to the Arno River. In the 4th cent. B.C. the Ligurii were driven from the Alpine regions by Celtic immigrants, while Phoenicians, Greeks, and Carthaginians colonized the coast. In the 2d cent. B.C. the entire region was subdued by the Romans. Throughout the Middle Ages, Genoa struggled with local feudal lords (and at times with Venice) for control of the area. By the 16th cent. it controlled virtually all of present-day Liguria, and from that time until its annexation (1815) by the kingdom of Sardinia, Liguria shared the history of Genoa. There is a university at Genoa.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, © Columbia University Press 2017

Related Articles


Full text Article Liguria
The Macmillan Encyclopedia

A region in NW Italy. It consists of a narrow strip of land between the Apennines and Maritime Alps in the N and the Gulf of Genoa in the S....

Full text Article Liguria, Italy
Penguin Encyclopedia of Places

Region in the NW between the Ligurian Alps and the Ligurian Apennines on the N and the Gulf of Genoa on the S, comprising the provinces...

Full text Article Ligurian Sea
The Columbia Encyclopedia

(lĭgyʊr'ēən), arm of the Mediterranean Sea, between the Ligurian coast (Italian Riviera) and the islands of Corsica and Elba; the Gulf of Genoa is it

See more from Credo