In ancient Greece and Rome, lavender was an antiseptic and a fragrance for baths and cleansing agents. The ancient Egyptians used linen soaked in asphalt and oil of lavender to wrap mummies before drying the casts in the sun.1
For cosmetic and medicinal purposes, the most common variety is L. angustifolia. Other species of lavender include Lavandula burmanni Benth., L. dentata L., L. dhofarensis A.G. Miller, L. lanata Boiss., L. latifolia Medikus (broadleafed lavender), Lavandula X intermedia Emeric ex Lois. (lavandin), and L. stoechas L. (French lavender). Lavandin is a sterile hybrid of English lavender (L. angustifolia) and broadleafed lavender (L. latifolia). Currently, the two most common cultivars in the French lavender industry are Grosso and Super.
Common Name: English Lavender
Scientific Name: Lavandula angustifolia P. Miller (L. officinalis, L. vera)
Botanical Family: Lamiaceae (menthes, mints)
Physical Description: English lavender is an evergreen plant with a round, compact shape and opposite leaves that reach 2 in. (5 cm) in length. Small, fragrant, purple flowers appear in summer as interrupted spikes.
Distribution and Ecology: Although lavender (Lavandula spp.) is a native plant of the Mediterranean region, the Arabian Peninsula, Africa, and Russia, this plant is cultivated throughout the warm areas of the northern hemisphere.
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A small shrub of the genus Lavandula (about 8 species), especially L. vera and L. angustifolia (or L. officinalis ). 30-80 cm high, it...
An Old World plant now grown for its scent - from the essential oil of its flowers - lavender ( Lavandula officinalis = L. angustifolia ) was...
/lavində/ noun 1 any of a genus of Mediterranean plants of the mint family widely cultivated for its their narrow aromatic leaves and...