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Definition: Hubbard, L(afayette) Ron(ald) (1911–1986) from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

US science fiction and fantasy writer, founder in 1954 of Scientology.

His first story was published in the pulp magazine Astounding Science Fiction 1938. His novels include Return to Tomorrow 1954 and Fear 1957.

Summary Article: Hubbard, L(afayette) Ron(ald)
from Chambers Biographical Dictionary


US science-fiction writer and founder of the Church of Scientology

He was born in Tilden, Nebraska, and from the age of 16 travelled extensively in the Far East before completing his education at George Washington University. He became a professional writer of adventure stories, turning to science fiction in 1938, with such classics as Slaves of Sleep (1939) and Typewriter in the Sky (1940). He served in the US navy during World War II, and in 1950 published Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, followed by Science of Survival (1951), which formed the basis of the Scientology philosophy which has made a significant impact on many US artists. The first Church of Scientology was founded by a group of adherents in Los Angeles in 1954 and Hubbard became the executive director of the Founding Church, Washington (1955-66). From 1959 to 1966 his base was in East Grinstead, England. He resigned his position as executive director of the church in 1966. In 1982 he returned to science fiction with an epic bestseller, Battlefield Earth: A Saga of the Year 3000, followed, in 1985-87, by a ten-volume series under the composite title Mission Earth.

  • Miller, R Bare-Faced Messiah: The True Story of L Ron Hubbard (1987).
© Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd 2011

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