English footballer and football manager. Keegan played for Scunthorpe United 1968–71, Liverpool 1971–77, SV Hamburg (Germany) 1977–80, Southampton 1980–82, and Newcastle United 1982–84. He won nine major European and domestic trophies with Liverpool and Hamburg and represented his country 63 times, scoring 21 goals. Keegan managed Newcastle 1992–97, Fulham 1998–99, England 1999–2000, and Manchester City 2001–05, before returning for a second stint at Newcastle in 2008.
International appearances (1972–82) 63 (21 goals)
English League Championship 1973, 1976, 1977
German League Championship 1979
English FA Cup 1974
German Cup 1979
European Cup 1977
UEFA Cup 1973, 1976
Footballer of the Year 1976
European Footballer of the Year 1978, 1979
Professional Footballers' Association Player of the Year 1982
Having retired as a player, he became manager of Newcastle United in 1992. Under his management, the club won promotion to the FA Premiership in his first full season as manager. In 1994 he was appointed the club's director of football and agreed a new ten-year contract. In 1996 Newcastle finished as runners-up in the Premiership, having led at one stage by 12 points. He unexpectedly resigned his position on 8 January 1997. The following season he was appointed director of football at Fulham, and led the team to the 1998–99 Second Division Championship. After his stint with England, he returned to football in June 2001 when he became manager of Manchester City, and he led the team back to the top division during his first season in charge. He resigned from the position in March 2005.
In February 1999, he was appointed coach of the England team on a part-time basis, while continuing as manager at Fulham. In May 1999, he became the full-time England manager and signed a contract to coach England until the end of the 2002 World Cup finals. His first test as a coach in a major international championship ended in failure when England was eliminated from the 2000 European Championships, at the group stage. Keegan's tactics were widely criticized by both the English and the European press. He resigned from the position in October 2000 immediately after losing 1–0 to Germany at home in the first game of England's 2002 World Cup qualifying campaign. His record with England was: played 18, won 7, drawn 7, lost 4.
Keegan, (Joseph) Kevin