Canadian centre-left Liberal Party politician, prime minister from 2015. The eldest son of Pierre Trudeau, Canada's prime minister 1968–79 and 1980–84, he entered politics in 2008. He was elected Liberal leader in 2013, with 80% of the vote, and led the party to a stunning victory in the October 2015 federal election. His charismatic and positive leadership enabled the Liberals, who had finished third with 19% of the vote in 2011, to win 184 of the 338 seats and 39% of the 2015 vote – the second-best performance in the party's history. In November 2015, Trudeau became Canada's second-youngest prime minister. His government pledged tax rises for the top 1% of income earners and reductions for the middle classes, to legalize and regulate the sale of marijuana, and a potential change to a proportional representation electoral system. In February 2016 he announced an end to Canadian airstrikes against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.
Born in Ottawa, Ontario, into an influential family of French Canadian and Scottish descent, he was raised mainly by his father from the age of six, following his parents' separation (and later divorce). He studied English literature at McGill University, in Montreal, Quebec, and education at the University of British Columbia, before working as a school teacher in Vancouver. He moved back to Quebec in 2002 to study engineering and environmental geography and to chair the board of Katimavik (2002–06), a youth service volunteer programme set up by his late father. He was first elected to Canada's lower house in 2008, narrowly defeating the incumbent Bloc Québécois separatist candidate in the ethnically diverse seat of Papineau, in Montreal.
Subject: elections Area: Canada The Liberals defeat the Progressive Conservatives in the Canadian general election. The Liberal leader, Pierre Trud
Subject: elections Area: Canada Pierre Trudeau's Liberal Party wins a narrow victory in the Canadian general election.
Subject: births and deaths Pierre Trudeau, prime minister of Canada 1969–79, 1980–84, a Liberal, born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada (–2000).