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Definition: Jaipur from Philip's Encyclopedia

State capital of Rajasthan. Founded in 1727, it was enclosed by a wall (still extant), and there is a system of wide, regular streets. A transport and commercial centre, it is famous for its carpets, jewellery, enamels, and cloth. Pop. (2005) 2,796,000.


Summary Article: Jaipur
From The Columbia Encyclopedia

(jī'pʊr), former native state, W India. It is now part of Rajasthan state. The region of Jaipur is semiarid and mostly level, with scattered rocky hills. Despite light rainfall, fair crops of corn, millet, and cotton are raised. Marble, copper, beryllium, and other minerals are mined, and cotton, woolen cloth, and metal products are manufactured. Jaipur was founded in the 12th cent. by the Kachwaha clan of the Rajputs. It became (c.1550) a feudatory of the Mughal empire. In 1818, Great Britain exacted a treaty providing for an annual tribute. Jaipur, city (1991 pop. 1,518,235), capital of Rajasthan, was founded in 1728. Known as the pink city from the color of its houses, it is a transportation junction and a commercial center. It is enclosed by a crenellated wall 20 ft (6 m) high. An unusual feature for an Indian city of this size are the wide, regular streets. The grounds of the former maharaja's palace occupy one seventh of the municipal area. Among Jaipur's famed art products are jewelry, enamels, and muslins. Its industries include metalworking, engineering, and manufactures in beer, glass, carpets, hosiery, shoes, blankets, and chemicals. Rajasthan Univ. is there. Jaipur has a large banking business. The deserted city of Amber, which was the capital of Jaipur state until 1728, is 5 mi (8 km) from Jaipur. The palace there is a fine example of Rajput architecture.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, © Columbia University Press 2018

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Full text Article Jaipur
Britannica Concise Encyclopedia

Capital (pop., 2001: 2,322,575) of Rajasthan state, northwestern India. A walled town surrounded by hills (except to the south), it was founded in

Full text Article Jaipur
Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary

\jī-pur\ also Jeypore \jā-pōr\ 1 Former Indian state, E Rajputana, NW India, now in Rajasthan state; 15,610 sq. mi. (40,430...

Full text Article Amber Fort
The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

The interior of the Amber Fort outside Jaipur, India. Building was commenced in 1552 by Maharaja Man Singh, the Rajput commander of Emperor Akb

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