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Definition: Hawksmoor, Nicholas from Philip's Encyclopedia

English Baroque architect. He assisted Christopher Wren on the construction of St Paul's, London, and worked with John Vanbrugh at Castle Howard and Blenheim Palace. He is celebrated for his six London church designs, including St Mary's, Woolnoth (1716-27), and St George's, Bloomsbury (1716-31).


Summary Article: Hawksmoor, Nicholas from The Columbia Encyclopedia

1661–1736, English architect involved in the development of most of the great buildings of the English baroque. From the age of 21 he assisted Sir Christopher Wren in the design of Chelsea Hospital, city churches, royal residences, and St. Paul's Cathedral. He became deputy surveyor (1705–29) in the construction of Greenwich Hospital. In the building of the great residences, Castle Howard and Blenheim Palace, he was associated with Sir John Vanbrugh. Under the act of 1711, Hawksmoor was appointed one of the architects to design 50 churches in London. He planned (1714–30) six highly original churches, which included St. George's, Bloomsbury; Christ Church, Spitalfields; and the rebuilding of St. Mary Woolnoth. At Oxford he designed the north quadrangle of All Souls' College. Influenced by architectural elements of many periods, Hawksmoor arrived at an individuality of design that makes him a significant figure in the history of the international baroque.

  • See studies by K. Downes (1959, repr. 1979) and V. Hart (2003).
The Columbia Encyclopedia, © Columbia University Press 2017

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