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Definition: Harrisburg from Philip's Encyclopedia

Capital of Pennsylvania, USA, in the SE of the state, on the Susquehanna River. Established as a trading post in c.1718, by 1785 a town was established, and it was later the scene of the Harrisburg Convention (1788). It became the state capital in 1812. Industries: textiles, machinery, electronic equipment. Pop. (2000) 48,950.

Summary Article: Harrisburg from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

State capital of Pennsylvania, located in the south-central part of the state, on the Susquehanna River; seat of Dauphin County; population (2000 est) 19,600. Industries include steel, electronic equipment, aircraft engines, office machines, railroad equipment, food processing, printing and publishing, and clothing. It was incorporated as a city in 1860.

Harrisburg was laid out in 1785 and became the state capital in 1812. The opening of the Pennsylvania Canal in 1834 and the connection to the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1847 helped the growth of the city.

Harrisburg has 33 entries on the National Register of Historic Places including the State Capitol (1906), which has a dome modelled on that of St Peter's Cathedral in Rome, Italy, a theatre, and a courthouse. It houses the State Museum of Pennsylvania (1905) and the National Civil War Museum and has an international airport. The city is the seat of Pennsylvania State University, Capitol Campus (1966).

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