British Conservative politician and lawyer. Having succeeded as 2nd Viscount Hailsham in 1950, he renounced the title in 1963 to re-enter the House of Commons, and was then able to contest the Conservative Party leadership elections. He took a life peerage in 1970 on his appointment as Lord Chancellor 1970–74 and was Lord Chancellor again 1979–87.
Born in London, the son of Douglas Hailsham, he was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford. He was called to the Bar in 1932 and became a QC in 1953. From 1938 to 1950 he was Conservative MP for Oxford. Having succeeded to his father's title, he went to the House of Lords under protest. In 1956 he became first lord of the Admiralty, vigorously defending the government's Suez policy, and in 1957 was made minister of education. In September 1957 he became Lord President of the Council, and was Conservative Party chair from 1957 to 1959. He was Lord Privy Seal 1959–60, and leader of the House of Lords 1960–63, again holding the post of Lord President. From 1959 to 1964 Hailsham was minister for science and technology.
In 1963 he disclaimed his peerage, and was an unsuccessful contender for the Conservative leadership. He was MP for St Marylebone from 1963 to 1970 and secretary of state for education and science from April to October 1964. In 1970 he was made a life peer on his appointment as Lord Chancellor in the Conservative government of 1970 to 1974.
He publications include The Left was Never Right (1945) and The Case for Conservatism (1947).
Hailsham, Quintin McGarel Hogg, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone
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