Skip to main content Skip to Search Box

Definition: guava from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

Tropical American tree belonging to the myrtle family; the astringent yellow pear-shaped fruit is used to make guava jelly, or it can be stewed or canned. It has a high vitamin C content. (Psidium guajava, family Myrtaceae.)

Summary Article: guava
From The Columbia Encyclopedia

(gwä'vӘ), small evergreen tree or shrub of the genus Psidium of the family Myrtaceae (myrtle family), native to tropical America and grown elsewhere for its ornamental flowers and edible fruit. The fruit (a fleshy berry with many hard seeds) of the common tropical guava (P. guajava) is shaped like an apple or a pear and has white, pink, or red flesh (depending on the variety) with a sweet, musky flavor and, usually, a yellow rind. The strawberry guava (P. cattleyanum), native to Brazil, bears a red fruit with a rough rind and reddish pulp, supposedly strawberrylike in flavor. At the time of the Spanish explorations the guava was found from Peru to Mexico; in the United States it is now grown commercially in Florida and California, where it has also escaped cultivation and become naturalized. Much of the perishable fruit is made into jellies, beverages, and similar products. It is a rich source of minerals and of vitamins A and C. Guava is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Myrtales, family Myrtaceae.

The Columbia Encyclopedia, © Columbia University Press 2018

Related Articles

Full text Article guava
Philip's Encyclopedia

Any of 100 species of fruit-bearing trees or shrubs native to tropical America and the West Indies. The large white flowers produce a berry-like...

Full text Article GUAVA
Cambridge World History of Food

( see also FEIJOA , ICE-CREAM BEAN , STRAWBERRY GUAVA , WILD GUAVA ) Easily identified by an intense tropical aroma, the guava (...

Full text Article guava
Dictionary of Food: International Food and Cooking Terms from A to Z

A round or pear-shaped tropical fruit from a tree, Psidium guajava , related to the myrtle and eucalyptus. It is the size of an orange, has a...

See more from Credo