Holiday resort and port in Norfolk, eastern England, at the mouth of the River Yare, 32 km/20 mi east of Norwich; population (2001) 58,000. It is Norfolk's largest port. Formerly a herring-fishing port, it is now a container port and a base for North Sea oil and gas. Other industries include shipbuilding, tourism and leisure, food processing, engineering, the manufacture of electronic components, shipwreck salvage, and some fishing.
Features The Rows in the old part of Great Yarmouth are narrow parallel alleys arranged on a grid pattern established in medieval times. The area includes the 17th-century Old Merchant's House, and the 13th-century Tolhouse, once the town's courthouse and jail, and now housing a museum. The Fishermen's Hospital almshouses date from the early 18th century. The parish church of St Nicholas, founded in 1101, is one of the largest parish churches in England; it was gutted by fire in an air raid in 1942, but has since been restored. There are remains of the 13th-century Greyfriars cloisters and some parts of the medieval town walls survive including some of the town-wall towers. Other features include the Elizabethan House Museum, Maritime Museum, and the Nelson Monument (1819), a column 40 m/131 ft high. There are Roman remains at Burgh Castle nearby to the west. Great Yarmouth includes Gorleston on the other side of the River Yare.
History Great Yarmouth was an important port in medieval times, and prospered in the 19th century from the herring-fishing industry and from its development in the Victorian era as a holiday resort. The town was attacked by German warships during World War I, and it suffered heavy damage from air raids during World War II. Much reconstruction has since taken place.
Famous people Anna Sewell, author of Black Beauty (1877) was born here in 1820.
Great Yarmouth Borough Council
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