Thomas Friedman is foreign affairs columnist at the New York Times. He earned a master’s of philosophy in modern Middle East studies from Oxford University. Upon completion of his studies he served as the London bureau chief for United Press International. Friedman joined the New York Times in 1981, serving as bureau chief in Beirut and Jerusalem. He has received three Pulitzer prizes for his work and an honorary title from the queen of England, Elizabeth II. Friedman has received honorary degrees from four universities and is a member of the board of trustees of Brandeis University.
Friedman is a neoliberal-inspired writer, focusing on the inevitability of economic globalization and the power of free enterprise to benefit humanity by providing a global higher standard of living. He argues that globalization is the central organizing principle of human society, replacing the global system created by the Cold War. He argues that the spread of information, technology, and capital has created a global marketplace and a global village. Friedman has published two best-selling books expressing his ideas on globalization: The Lexus and the Olive Tree (2000) and The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the 21st Century (2005).