US journalist and writer. Employed by The New York Times from 1981, he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting in 1983 (from Lebanon) and in 1988 (from Israel). His best-selling book From Beirut to Jerusalem (1989) won the National Book Award for Non-fiction. He won a third Pulitzer Prize, for distinguished commentary, in 2002.
For The New York Times he worked as Beirut bureau chief 1982–84 and Israel bureau chief 1984–88. He served as the chief White House correspondent 1992–94 and international economics correspondent 1994–95 in Washington, DC, before becoming the paper's foreign-affairs columnist in 1995. Other books include The Lexus and the Olive Tree: Understanding Globalization (1999), The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the 21st Century (2005), and Thank You for Being Late: An Optimist's Guide to Thriving in the Age of Accelerations (2016).
Friedman was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He received a BA in Mediterranean studies from Brandeis University in 1975 and a Master of Philosophy in Modern Middle East studies from Oxford University in 1978. He worked for United Press International (UPI) 1978–81.