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Definition: Frankenthaler, Helen from Philip's Encyclopedia

US painter, sculptor, and graphic artist who provides the link between abstract expressionism and colour-field painting. Her early work shows the influence of Jackson Pollock. She evolved a modified drip technique, staining her unprimed canvases with thinned-down paint. Her seminal work is Mountains and Sea (1952). She was married (1958-71) to Robert Motherwell.


Summary Article: Frankenthaler, Helen
from Britannica Concise Encyclopedia

(born Dec. 12, 1928, New York, N.Y., U.S.—died Dec. 27, 2011, Darien, Conn.) U.S. painter. She studied with Rufino Tamayo in high school and at Bennington College, then returned to her native New York City and joined the “second generation” of Abstract Expressionists. Influenced by Jackson Pollock and Arshile Gorky, she developed a style featuring abstract colour combinations within large expanses of bare canvas. She perfected the technique of colour staining, producing diaphanous colour by thinning the oils and letting them soak into the unprimed canvas. In the 1960s she began to use acrylic paints. Though abstract, many of her paintings (e.g., Ocean Desert, 1975) evoke landscapes and are noted for their lyricism. Her work influenced the colour-field painters Morris Louis and Kenneth Noland. She was married to Robert Motherwell from 1958 to 1971.

Birth Place: New York City, New York, United States

Death Place: Darien, Connecticut, United States

Name: Frankenthaler, Helen or Helen Frankenthaler

Gender: female

Nationality: American

Activity: American painter

Keywords: Darien, Helen Frankenthaler, American, “Ocean Desert”, “Mountains and Sea”, stain technique, New York City, Frankenthaler, Helen, painting, Connecticut, Abstract Expressionism, New York

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Copyright 1994-2017 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc

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