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Definition: electromagnetic induction from The Macquarie Dictionary

the induction of an electromotive force in a circuit by a change in the magnetic flux linked with it.

Summary Article: electromagnetic induction
From The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

In electronics, the production of an electromotive force (emf) in a circuit by a change of magnetic flux through the circuit or by relative motion of the circuit and the magnetic flux. As a magnet is moved in and out of a coil of wire in a closed circuit an induced current will be produced. All dynamos and generators produce electricity using this effect. When magnetic tape is driven past the playback head (a small coil) of a tape recorder, the moving magnetic field induces an emf in the head, which is then amplified to reproduce the recorded sounds.

Electromagnetic induction takes place when the magnetic field around a conductor changes. If the magnetic field is made to change quickly, the size of the current induced is larger. A galvanometer can be used to measure the direction of the current. As a magnet is pushed into a coil, the needle on the galvanometer moves in one direction. As the magnet is removed from the coil, the needle moves in the opposite direction.

If the change of magnetic flux is due to a variation in the current flowing in the same circuit, the phenomenon is known as self-induction; if it is due to a change of current flowing in another circuit it is known as mutual induction.

Lenz's law The direction of an electromagnetically-induced current (generated by moving a magnet near a wire or by moving a wire in a magnetic field) will be such as to oppose the motion producing it. This law is named after the German physicist Heinrich Friedrich Lenz (1804–1865), who announced it in 1833.

Faraday's laws English scientist Michael Faraday proposed three laws of electromagnetic induction: (1) a changing magnetic field induces an electromagnetic force in a conductor; (2) the electromagnetic force is proportional to the rate of change of the field; and (3) the direction of the induced electromagnetic force depends on the orientation of the field.




induced current

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