Skip to main content Skip to Search Box

Definition: Eichmann, (Karl) Adolf from Philip's Encyclopedia

German Nazi, head of the notorious section IV-B-4 of the Reich Central Security Office in World War 2. Eichmann supervised the Nazi policies of deportation, slave labour, and mass murder in the concentration camps that led to the death of c.6 million Jews. In 1945, he escaped to Argentina but was abducted by the Israel secret police in 1960, and tried and executed in Israel.

Summary Article: Eichmann, (Karl) Adolf
from Britannica Concise Encyclopedia

(born March 19, 1906, Solingen, Ger.—died May 31, 1962, Tel Aviv, Israel) German Nazi official. In 1932 he joined the Nazi Party and became a member of Heinrich Himmler’s SS organization. In World War II he organized the identification, assembly, and transportation of Jews to Auschwitz and other death camps. In 1945 he was captured by U.S. troops but escaped and eventually settled in Argentina. In 1960 he was arrested near Buenos Aires and taken to Israel, where he was tried as a war criminal, with huge worldwide publicity, and hanged for his part in the Holocaust.

Birth Place: Solingen, Germany

Death Place: Tel Aviv–Yafo, Israel

Name: Eichmann, Adolf or Adolf Eichmann

Gender: male

Nationality: German

Activity: German military official

Keywords: Germany, Adolf Eichmann, Nazi Party, Holocaust, SS, German, genocide, Tel Aviv–Yafo, Eichmann, Adolf, government, Jew, World War II, Solingen, Israel, war crime, Wannsee Conference, Himmler, Heinrich, capital punishment, anti-Semitism, Final Solution

Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Copyright 1994-2017 Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc

Related Articles

Full text Article Eichmann, Karl Adolf
Germany and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History

b. March 19, 1906; Solingen, Prussia d. May 31, 1962; Ramleh, Israel German Schutzstaffel (SS) lieutenant-colonel in charge of the Gestapo...

Full text Article Eichmann Trial
Antisemitism: A Historical Encyclopedia of Prejudice and Persecution

The year 1961 marked a significant turning point in postwar confrontations with the memory of the Holocaust in Israel. Adolf Eichmann...

Full text Article Eichmann, Adolf (1906-1962)
Antisemitism: A Historical Encyclopedia of Prejudice and Persecution

Adolf Eichmann, a lieutenant colonel in the SS, played a crucial role in the bureaucratic organization of the deportation of European Jews to...

See more from Credo