Skip to main content Skip to Search Box

Definition: Mornay from Collins English Dictionary

n

1 Philippe de (filip də), Seigneur du Plessis-Marly. 1549–1623, French Huguenot leader Also: Duplessis-Mornay


Summary Article: du Plessis-Mornay, Philippe from The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide

French churchman and statesman. A Protestant, he played a leading role in trying to reconcile the Catholic and Protestant (Huguenot) factions during the French religious conflicts of the late 16th century. An adviser to Henry of Navarre (later Henry IV), he acted as mediator between the Huguenots and the king, being instrumental in the promulgation of the Edict of Nantes.

Born at Buhi in the Vexin into one of France's most distinguished families, he was converted by his mother to Calvinism and after study in Germany became attached to Coligny. The Massacre of St Bartholomew forced him to take refuge in England. Returning to France, he became an advisor to Henry of Navarre. He wrote extensively in favour of the Huguenots and religious toleration, his best-known work being Traité de la vérité de la religion chrétienne/Treatise on the Truth of the Christian Religion (1581). Henry employed him in many official roles, including ambassador to Spain and Flanders, and governor of Saumur.

He lost favour after the publication of his treatise De l'institution, usage, et doctrine du saint sacrement de l'eucharistie en l'Eglise ancienne/The Sacrament of the Eucharist in the Early Church (1598), and in 1611 he published an overt attack on the Catholic Church. Marie de' Medici restored him to favour because of his efforts to avert religious war after Henry IV's death but, following the Huguenot uprising of 1620, he fell once more from grace. His standing can be gauged from his nickname, ‘the Pope of the Huguenots’.

© RM, 2016. All rights reserved.

Related Credo Articles

Full text Article Mornay, Philippe de Lord of Plessay-Marly (1549 to 1623)
Chambers Dictionary of World History

French Huguenot leader and polemicist. Converted to Protestantism in 1560, he was nicknamed the ‘Pope of the Huguenots ’ for his role in the Wars...

Full text Article Sully, Maximilien de Béthune Duke of (1560 to 1641)
Chambers Dictionary of World History

French Huguenot soldier, financier and politician. He fought in the later stages of the Wars of Religion (1574–98) and was wounded at Ivry...

Full text Article Mornay, Philippe de Seigneur du Plessis-Marly
Chambers Biographical Dictionary

also called Philippe Duplessis-Mornay 1549-1623 French statesman and polemicist He was born in Buhy. Converted to Protestantism in 1560, he was nickn

See more from Credo